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3rd Army Carnival, Coblenz on the Rhine, Germany, April 23-27, 1919
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An athletic program was developed which reached practically every man in the Army of Occupation. In addition to mass games, basketball, baseball, football, and track events were promoted, culminating in the Army of Occupation and AEF championships, the 89th Division football team, representing the Army of Occupation, winning the championship of the AEF. An extensive athletic field with a quarter-mile track and a 220-yard straightaway was built on Carnival Island on the Rhine River near Coblenz which would do justice to any American university, and "Liberty Hut," built expressly for athletic purposes on the grounds of the ex-Kaiser's palace, provided gymnasium facilities for championship contests and accommodated 4000 spectators for boxing events. Athletic equipment to the total value of $369,466.45 was distributed prior to June 30.

From: Summary of World War Work of the American Y.M.C.A.
Published 1920 by Y.M.C.A., Pages 43 & 44

In The Army Of Occupation
The Third Army Carnival

We arrived in Coblenz on Thursday evening. All schools were closed on Thursday and Friday of this week on account of the Third Army Carnival held at Coblenz on an island in the Rhine River. It was advertised, American fashion, throughout the Third Army as well as a State Fair in the homeland. Interest was high and competition was keen. Army corps was pitted against army corps, division against division, group against group. An army officer who rode in the finals for jumping the hurdles said that he had been in the horse shows of New York City, but he had never seen such keen competition among horsemen as in this Third Army Carnival. Teams of horses were shown hitched to ambulance wagons, to ammunition wragons, to field artillery. A balloon company operated the great sausage balloon, sending up with it observers to a height of 1,000 feet and hauling it down. Airplanes of many types were displayed and explained to the observers. Airplanes were constantly in the air within view of the exhibition grounds. The thousands of spectators were American soldiers representing every unit of the Third Army. Many had come from France.

Coblenz means "confluence." Coblenz is located at the confluence or junction of the Moselle and Rhine rivers. On the east side of the Rhine, opposite the mouth of the Moselle, a precipitous rock rises 360 feet above the river. This is Ehrenbretstein, Germany's greatest fortress since Metz has been returned to the French. The name means "honor's broad stone." We learned that Americans were permitted to visit the noted fortress. A winding roadway about three-quarters of a mile in length leads from the base of the cliff to the flat area on the top of the rock. Over an archway spanning the drive was printed in large letters, "17th U. S. Artillery." This inscription on an "impregnable"' German fortress showed plainly that Germany was "occupied." Little activity among the soldiers was manifest at the time of this visit. A huge American flag was floating from the flagstaff. Cannon were trained on the city across the Rhine ready for quick action should military necessity require it. Within the fortress was conducted a large motor repair school. The students were on detached service. They did not belong to the unit which garrisoned the fort. At a later visit we saw the 17th U. S. Engineers undergoing rigorous drill preparatory to inspection an hour later, by General Pershing and Marshal Foch.

From: School and Home Education
Vol. 39, No. 5, January 1920, Page 114
Copyright 1919, Public School Publishing Co.

Moore and Kreege Were Flying to the Third Army Carnival

COBLENZ, April 27, (Associated Press.) -- Lieutenants Charles Moore of Cortland, N. Y., and E. F. Kreege of Northampton, Penn., were killed yesterday when an airplane in which they were flying fell near the Coblenz aerodrome.

Lieutenants Moore and Kreege in an observation plane started for the Third Army Carnival, which is being held on an island in the Rhine. Something went wrong with the plane a few minutes after it rose, and the men were dashed to death.

From: The New York Times, April 28, 1919
There is a very good description of the carnival at THE BEST CARED FOR ARMY
Carnival Island at Coblenz, Germany 3rd Army carnival, Coblenz on the Rhine, Germany, April 23-27, 1919
Image source
3rd Army Carnival in Coblenz, Germany 3rd Army Carnival in Coblenz, Germany 1919
1919 Map of Coblenz, Germany Oberwerth Island
Cover of 3rd Army Carnival Victors magazine 3rd Army Carnival Program Booklets of the 3rd Army Carnival published on the Rhine River in 1919.
View location of Carnival Island in a larger map
Note that it is no longer an island today and the real name was Oberwerth Island.
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