June 2nd. Established a line from Hill 142 to N.E. corner of BOIS de VEUILLY as a support for the French who were in our front.
June 3rd. French started withdrawing through our right.
June 4th. Two German attacks on the right in front and to
the right of LES MARES FARM, which was repulsed. The same time the French withdrew on our left. For a while it was rather embarassing for the new line established. Two companies of the 1st Battalion strengthened line on the left. French withdrew from our front. We then held the first line.
June 5th. Slight enemy activity along the whole line and relieved by the 116th French Infantry.
June 6th. Arrived in the woods N.E. of V0IE DU CHATEL with three companies. 51st Company detached reported to 1st Battalion, from there proceeded to North and East ends of the woods N.E. of LUCY. Heavily shelled.
June 7th. 2:00 a.m. proceeded to comply with Brigade Order #83 along LUCY-TORCY road. From reconnaissance patrol found out the Germans held all the ground East of the road and they attacked about 3:30 a.m. They were driven back and I got in connection with the 3rd Battalion, which were holding the high ground on the West of the road. Their positions were lightly held and the enemy were making attempts to get through this point and am convinced that if we had not been there at this critical moment that the line would have been broken. I strengthened the positions of the 3rd Battalion, later on that day received orders to relieve them. That night enemy shelling our whole line. Artillery and Machine Gun fire.
June 8th. Heavy shelling during day and night. Line felt out by the enemy during night by machine gun fire, some gas.
June 9th. Heavy shelling during the day and night. Our line felt out at night by machine gun fire.
June 10th. Heavy shelling during the day and night. Our line felt out at night by machine gun fire. Received Field Order #4 with barrage schedule about 10:00 p.m. for the attack against the BOIS de BELLEAU.
June 11th. Attack started as ordered and found quite a few machine gun nests inside of the barrage which gave a great deal of trouble. The whole line received flanking machine gun fire from both sides, but strongest on the right, which had been reported clear, the men naturally drifted toward it and by 1:00 a.m. all opposition had ceased. That afternoon captured positions were consolidated and I was under the impression that all of my objectives had been obtained. The enemy started to filter in on our left which caused some trouble and I borrowed a company from Major Hughes and started to clear them out when I received Regimental Order #134, transmitting instructions from
the Brigade Commander, to refuse my left flank, and that the Artillery would attend to it. That night things very quiet. Two companies Engineers reported for consolidating work, and about 150 replacement men.
June 12th. Enemy in position on my left and gave some
trouble, and received permission to drive them out and after
an Artillery preparation we attacked on their left flank at
5:00 p.m. and were successful, but too much ground had to be
occupied and they filtered in again and we received the heaviest
bombardment that I have heard in France that night.
June 13th. Was convinced that we did not hold entire north and eastern edge of woods and that the enemy still had re-occupied some strong positions, but did not have sufficient men to drive them out, and received Brigade Field Order #5 in which the 2nd Battalion, 6th Marines, were to relieve me. Major Holcomb arrived that afternoon and he agreed to give me a fresh company to attack the north and western edge of the woods at 4:00 a.m. June 14th, whole area heavily shelled.
June 14th. 2nd Battalion, 6th Marines, were badly gassed and instead of arriving night 13-14 with about 800 men only 325 effectives arrived, so the attack could not be delivered, and I did not consider that they were sufficient to relieve me and remained in position. I had received orders to stay in the sector with Major Holcomb until the enemy were cleared out but Major Holcomb brought me word that I could be relieved, but did not consider it safe to do so. Lt Colonel Feland arrived and assumed command of the 2nd Battalion, 5th Marines and 1st and 2nd Battalions, 6th Marines. Lines re-established and the whole position put in a much safer condition.
June 15th. Conditions remained the same and received Brigade Field Order #6 in which the 7th U. S. Infantry were to relieve us. Shelling brisk.
June 16th. Relieved by 7th U. S. Infantry in the early morning and proceeded to MERY.
We were continually fighting for two weeks and during that time the men did not have even a hot cup of coffee and lived entirely on cold food, and at times water was scarce, and from June 11th were without packs. I have never seen such a spirit as existed in the men in regard to every task that was given them and their losses seem to inspire fresh courage, and at all times were eager for the attack, and such a record may have been equalled during this war, but never surpassed. We had lost rather heavily before the attack on the BOIS de BELLEAU and only had about 700 effectives that morning and attacked on a front and depth of a kilometer. The following points were observed: