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Extract of Report of Attack on Odette 13th and 14th April 1918.

When it is considered that this Battalion has been under a heavy bombardment since entering this sector 3/4 April, the fighting spirit shown in defeating twice their number & not giving an inch of ground, is highly praise worthy - deserving of the traditions of the "FIGHTING NINTH".
 
  • Bombardment started at 11.15 P.M. 13th April 1918, and lasted incessantly for one hour and fifteen minutes.
  • The attack came about 12.30 or 12.45 A.M. The enemy came through the line at the river Ceuse and also at a point midway between Company L and Company I.
  • Prisoners report attack made by 1 Company of Pioneers, 1 Company of Sturmstruppen and 3 Companies of the 371st Infantry made up of selected men.
  • Attack lasted until 5:00 a.m. April 14, following a most violent bombardment of whole ROUVROIS sector.
  • MAIZEY and the Battalion Post of Command.
  • The Battalion Intelligence officer reports that a conservative estimate of the number of shells which landed in this sector during the preparation and the attack, to be at least fifteen thousand (15,000) shells.
  • reserve guns in vicinity of bridge and to cover crossings and trenches leading from MOULIN HAUT to our front lines.
  • Our casualties:
    I Company: dead, 1 Private; Wounded, 14 enlisted Men; missing, 4 enlisted men.
    L Company: killed, 4; wounded, 3 officers and 20 enlisted men; missing, 7 enlisted men.
    Co. C. 5th. M.G: wounded, 2; missing, 8 enlisted men.
    On duty at Battalion Hdqrs: wounded, 2 Officers.
    Medical Department missing, 1 Officer and 6 enlisted men.
  • The whole Marie-Louise Sector was under heavy bombardment since it was taken over by the Third Battalion of the Ninth Infantry on the night of 3-4 April 1918. During one period this bombardment was almost continuous for forty eight hours.
  • At 10:45 P.M., 13 April 1918, the heavy fire of destruction began and it continued until 2:45 A.M., 14 April 1918. It covered the Town of Maizey, the bridge across the Canal de L'Est, and the road and Boyau de Maizey up to and including old Battalion Headquarters.
  • After the enemy had entered and the barrage had stopped at 12:30 A.M., 14 April, the artillery fire was on the Town of Maizey, the bridge across the Canal de L'Est, and the road and Boyau de Maizey up to old Battalion Headquarters, and including the Moulin Haut.
  • A number of counts made the night of the attack showed that enemy shells were falling on the Marie-Louise sector at a rate of from sixty to ninety-six shells per minute. A very conservative estimate of the total number of shells used by the enemy in the attack would be fifteen thousand shells of various calibres.
  • American losses: Total: 3 officers wounded, 1 officer missing.
             3 men killed, 33 men wounded, 22 men missing.
  • Enemy losses: In addition 10 men are known to be captured. Prisoners taken, 3-men not wounded, 8 men wounded. Bodies recovered in Co."L", 20,on wire before Co."L", 10. Bodies recovered by Co. "I", 25. Total number of enemy cadavers in lines 55, in addition to which are a number not yet ascertained on ground before our wire.
  • Our losses were as follows:
  • Five enlisted men killed, two died of wounds; wounded three officers, 36 enlisted men; missing one officer, 25 enlisted men divided as follows, Company I four enlisted men; Company L seven enlisted men, Company C 5th M.G. Battalion eight enlisted men, and Sanitary Troops one officer, six enlisted men. We buried one officer and 59 enlisted German dead, and captured eleven.
 
Locations involved
  • Chappelle St. Nicolas
  • Boyau Marmande and Trench Roumanie
  • Moulin Haut
  • P.P. De Gers
  • Trench St. Nicolas
  • Incendiary grenades destroyed Abri 35 and Post of Command 29 though the Consigne was saved.
  • Trench Bruges.
  • ROUVROIS sector.
  • mill
  • CORALIE sector
  • BOYAU d'AGEN.
  • POINTS OF PENETRATION - The BOYAU d'AGEN. (b) Between P.P. ITALIE and P.P. GUERETS. (c) Between P.P. RUSSIE and P.P. JOPAN; (d) Between P.P. ETATS UNIS and CANAL de L'EST.
  • Boyau du Canal which runs from 8.09-7.55 to Yvonne company command post at 8.15-7.70.
  • old quarry at 8.75-8.65
  • The depth of the barrage on the front line trenches was such as to include the resisting parallels of the Odette and Yvonne companies.
  • First point of penetration.
  • The enemy first penetrated our lines in the low land between P.P. du Masque and P.P. Gers, and came along the trench running from the Boyau de la Creuse at 8.20-9.15 to the Chappelle St. Nicholas on the Boyau d'Agen at 8.18-9.74.
  • Points of penetration.
  • The enemy penetrated our lines in four places, as follows:
    Between P.P. du Masque and P.P. Gers as previously stated.
    Between P.P. Italie and P.P. Guerets at point near 8.50-8.25.
    Between P.P. Russie and P.P. Japon at point near 8.47-7.94.
    Between P.P. Etats Unis and the Canal de L'Est at point near 8.35-7.55.
  • TR. JEAN-JEAN, 5:48 p.m.,April 13. (Coordinates 0.84-8.72 to 7.73-7.74)
  • town of MAIZEY and BOYEAU MAIZEY
  • boyeau running from command post ODETTE to the canal, BOYEAU DE L'ARBRE EN BOULE, 8.15-7.70 to 8.09-7.55. It included the support trenches of ODETTE and YVONNE and CARRIERE ST. NICOLAS.
  • MARIE LOUISE SECTOR
  • ODETTE and YVONNE sectors
  • CARRIERE ST. NICOLAS
  • P.P. PORTUGAL.
 
Names mentioned in reports
Bunoski, 40308, Bunie, Co. K.
Captain Falk
Captain Worthington, Commanding Company L
Cook William Evans 40049
Corporal Arthur J. Tickner 40226
Corporal Boggess, 40767, Henry W. Company M.
Corporal Robert P. Barrett 40023
Corporal Roland A. Williams 40047
Cunningham, 40073, Hewitt F. Co. I.
Edward G. Ince, 1st Lieut.,O.R.C., 9th Inf., Comdg. Co. "I"
Frederick B. King 40172
Fritz, 40409, Clyde A. Co. K.
Glenn G. Hall, 2nd Lt., 9th U. S. Inf.
H.I. BEARSS, Lt-Colonel U.S.M. Corps.
Hewitt F. Cunningham 40073
L. S. UPTON, Commanding 9th. U.S. Inf.
Lieutenant Knight, on duty at Battalion Headquarters
Lieutenant Arnold M. McInerny
Lieutenant Bush
Lieutenant Hall (Battalion Observer)
Lieutenant Ince, Commanding Company I
Lieutenant Teddy Langlais
Lieutenant Walter G. Kimball
Marcum, 40442, James, Co. K.
Mark L. Grant 40089
Mechanic George C. Symonds 40055
PETER MURRAY, Brigadier General, N. A, Comd'g.
Private Baldwin of the Signal Corps
Private Belden, 107659, Edward E. Co.C.5th.M.G. Bn.
Private Boyle 40280, John F. Co. K.
Private Charles Schmitz 40214
Private Edward Doyle 40152
Private Harlin Castle 40138
Private James Pappos 40196
Private Luigi Favino 40155
Private Michael J. Dillon 40149
Private Ulysse Arceneaux 40057
Private William H. Bower 40062
Sergeant Frank E. Robinson 40010
Sergeant Guerino Carcipagna 40005
Sergeant John S. Simpson 40012
Sergeant Robert E. Slatton 40008
Sergeant Stanyslaw Lanarsky 40006
Sergeant Steve Vignjevic 40004
Sergeant Thomas Snyder
Sergeant William F. Levine 40014
William D. Brown 40065
Zint, 40602, Andrew F. Co. L.
 
1st Ind.
Hq. 3d Brig. 2d Div. A.E.F. Apr. 19/18., Commanding General, 2d Div., Forwarded:

Concurring in recommendation of Col. Upton:-

This action is an excellent example of what determined men can do to win success even when almost everything is to the advantage of the enemy. Attention is invited to the list of names of men given who rendered conspicuous service. It will be noted that many are of foreign origin.

In this brigade, there are not less than 25% of this class. In the training area, organization commanders almost gave up hope of even making soldiers of them, not through any lack of willingness on the part of the men themselves but on account of their lack of knowledge of English. Since arriving in this area, this class of men have in every engagement with the enemy, fully demonstrated that they have a fierce fighting ability, and that they will stick to their work to the bitter end. The first man killed in this brigade was a man who had such a deficient knowledge of English that orders were issued transferring him from the organization. He was killed staying at his post even after his comrades had endeavored to get him to fall back to the support line. The French awarded him the Crois de Guerre. Few if any of this class will be transferred from this organization on account of deficient knowledge of English. It may be well for organizations with a similar personnel to be advised of this important fact. It is evident that, with patience and painstaking effort in the training of this class, we can develop fighters who will measure up to our best American traditions.

The Commanding General, 52d Division (French) has recommended that Cos "I" and "L" 9th Infantry be cited in orders by the Army, and that one platoon Co. "K" 9th Infantry be cited in orders by the Army Corps, and has commended Co. "C" 5th M.G. Co. for its assistance in this action.

(Received HQ. 2nd Div. Apr 19 1918)

(Sgd) Peter Murray,
Peter Murray,
Brigadier General, N. A.
Comd'g.
 
Records Of The Second Division (Regular) Volume 7; Operation Reports — War Diaries — Patrol Reports
Second Division Historical Section, The Army War College, Washington, D. C.
 
 
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